Exposure to war causes a wide range of harmful mental health effects. Those
can protect mental health by using the following evidence-based actions and other resources below: working with refugees and people directly impacted in Ukraine
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Ensure physical safety and the safety of treasured belongings people may bring (e.g., locked trunks).
Connect people to loved ones whenever possible to enhance support.
Use culturally sensitive calming techniques to help lower stress.
Be alert to usual illnesses present in populations – from diabetes to hypertension to schizophrenia – and ensure care is provided.
Remain aware and sensitive to trauma history as this may exacerbate negative response or distress.
Be present for children and provide explanations to their questions, but do not overload them with frightening information.
Helping people with problem-solving is a form of caring that reminds them of their own strengths and abilities.
Recruit "helpers" to assist others and have them extend your ability to deliver care.
No permission is needed to use or adapt the public domain content below from the Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress. You may use it freely as it is helpful to you Pocket Cards
HERE for all versions of Rapid Psychological First Aid: Help for You, Family, and Friends
HERE for all versions of Helping Others Calm an Acute Stress Response
are below to help children and families, healthcare and humanitarian aid workers, as well as community and military leaders: Additional fact sheets
Children and Families
Helping Children Understand Frightening Events
Managing the Stress of Children after a Crisis
Post Disaster Stress Management for Parents
Managing the Stress of War and Disaster
Advancing the Health of Military Families During Deployment
Helping Children Cope During Deployment Military, Healthcare, and Aid Workers
Optimizing Sleep in an Operational Environment: A Guide for Service Members
Information for Responders on Emotional Reactions to Human Remains
Sustaining the Well-Being of Caregivers While Helping Victims of War
Behavioral Health Concerns Providers Should Know About During Nuclear Events
Community and Military Leaders
Grief Leadership to Promote Sustainment and Recovery During War
Leadership Stress Management
Military Leadership During Stressful Situations
Leadership Communication for Anticipating and Responding to Stressful Events
Educational Training Resources
Slides: Leadership Behaviors in War and Disasters for Civilian and Military Populations to Foster Action, Sustainment, and Recovery
with Ukrainian subtitles
Stop the Bleed
Displacement and Resettlement: Resources from Sesame Workshop to Help Children
PFA MOBILE: Android Version - in Ukranian (NCTSN)
Stop the Bleed (NCDMPH)
Sustaining Mental Readiness in the Context of Prolonged Stress (WRAIR)
Sleep in High Stress Environments (WRAIR)
Coping with Traumatic Events (Tuesday's Children)
Resources to Support Ukrainian Military Children & Their Families (MCEC)
Talking to Children about War (NCTSN)
Age-Related Reactions to a Traumatic Event (NCTSN)
Psychological First Aid for Displaced Children and Families (NCTSN)
Traumatic Separation and Refugee and Immigrant Children: Tips for Current Caregiver (NCTSN)
Understanding Refugee Trauma: For Mental Health Professionals (NCTSN)
Understanding Refugee Trauma: For Mental Health Professionals For Primary Care Providers (NCTSN)