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Israel-Hamas War Mental Health Resources

Exposure to acts of terrorism and war causes a wide range of harmful mental health effects. Those working with people directly impacted by the Israel-Hamas war or affected communities around the world can protect mental health by using the following evidence-based actions and other resources below:


  • Ensure physical safety and the safety of treasured belongings people may bring (e.g., locked trunks).
  • Connect people to loved ones whenever possible to enhance support.
  • Use culturally sensitive calming techniques to help lower stress.
  • Be alert to usual illnesses present in populations – from diabetes to hypertension to schizophrenia – and ensure care is provided.
  • Remain aware and sensitive to trauma history as this may exacerbate negative response or distress.
  • Be present for children and provide explanations to their questions, but do not overload them with frightening information.
  • Helping people with problem-solving is a form of caring that reminds them of their own strengths and abilities.
  • Recruit "helpers" to assist others and have them extend your ability to deliver care.

No permission is needed to use or adapt the public domain content below from the Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress. You may use and share it freely.

Pocket Cards

Rapid Psychological First Aid:
Help for You, Family, and Friends

Helping Others Calm an
Acute Stress Response

Click HERE for all versions of Rapid Psychological First Aid: Help for You, Family, and Friends

Click HERE for all versions of Helping Others Calm an Acute Stress Response

Education fact sheets are below that help children and families, healthcare workers, humanitarian aid personnel, as well as community and military leaders to protect mental health and foster recovery during armed conflict:

Children and Families

Helping Children Understand Frightening Events

Managing the Stress of Children after a Crisis

Helping Children Cope During Deployment

Teachers Helping Students during War and other Disasters

Advancing the Health of Military Families During Deployment

Post Disaster Stress Management for Parents

Managing the Stress of War and Disaster

Reconnecting with Your Spouse or Partner after Military Deployment

Understanding Combat Stress to Help Your Loved One

How to Get a Service Member to Seek Help after Combat

Caring for Your Family after a Service Member's Traumatic Brain Injury

Military, Healthcare, and Aid Workers

Sustaining the Well-Being of Caregivers While Helping Victims of War

Optimizing Sleep in an Operational Environment: A Guide for Service Members

Information for Responders on Emotional Reactions to Human Remains

How Healthcare Providers Can Help Service Members Seek Care

Notifying Family Members after Unexpected Deaths: Guidance for Healthcare Providers

Caring for Combat Injured Families: Principles for Healthcare Professionals

How Healthcare Providers Can Help Families after a Service Member's Traumatic Brain Injury

Community and Military Leaders

Guidelines for Leaders on Notifying Family of Dead or Missing Loved Ones

Grief Leadership to Promote Sustainment and Recovery During War

Leadership Stress Management

Military Leadership During Stressful Situations

Leadership Communication for Anticipating and Responding to Stressful Events

Educational Training Videos

Psychological first aid to military

Leadership behaviors in war and disasters

Additional Resources


Stop the Bleed 

Stop the Bleed (NCDMPH)

National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Talking to Children about War

Age-Related Reactions to a Traumatic Event

Assisting Parents/Caregivers in Coping with Collective Trauma

Talking to Children: When Scary Things Happen

Talking to Teens: When Scary Things Happen

Creating Supportive Environments: When Scary Things Happen

Sesame Workshop

Displacement and Resettlement

Traumatic Experiences


Walter Reed Army Institute of Research

Sustaining Mental Readiness in the Context of Prolonged Stress (WRAIR)

Sleep in High Stress Environments (WRAIR)

Mobile Apps

Psychological First Aid Mobile App (iPhone and Android)